The start of civilization on this planet can be traced back to six cultures throughout the world. They include settlements in Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, Central America and Peru. Caral, Peru is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is still one of the most important archaeological finds of all time. Located in the Lima Region, it is only two hours north of the country’s current capitol. Before researchers discovered Caral, they did not believe that a complex agricultural society had existed in the Americas until one million years later. However, the main Caral settlement and temples date back to around 2600 BC, making them older than the pyramids in Egypt. Researchers believe some of the smaller settlements in the area may be even older. They also believe Caral was home to about 3,000 people, and that their innovative ways of fishing and irrigating their land made their civilization a success. Eventually, the town was abandoned, and it is widely believed that the people of Caral migrated due to an extreme drought. This site is now preserved as an invaluable piece of history, and tourists travel there to see one of the places where human civilization started.